Project: WASC Threat Classification
Threat Type: Weakness
Reference ID: WASC-14
Server Misconfiguration attacks exploit configuration weaknesses found in web servers and application servers. Many servers come with unnecessary default and sample files, including applications, configuration files, scripts, and web pages. They may also have unnecessary services enabled, such as content management and remote administration functionality. Debugging functions may be enabled or administrative functions may be accessible to anonymous users. These features may provide a means for a hacker to bypass authentication methods and gain access to sensitive information, perhaps with elevated privileges.
Servers may include well-known default accounts and passwords. Failure to fully lock down or harden the server may leave improperly set file and directory permissions. Misconfigured SSL certificates and encryption settings, the use of default certificates, and improper authentication implementation with external systems may compromise the confidentiality of information.
Verbose and informative error messages may result in data leakage, and the information revealed could be used to formulate the next level of attack. Incorrect configurations in the server software may permit directory indexing and path traversal attacks.