Buffer Overflow exploits are attacks that alter the flow of an application by overwriting parts of memory. Buffer Overflow is a common software flaw that results in an error condition. This error condition occurs when data written to memory exceed the allocated size of the buffer. As the buffer is overflowed, adjacent memory addresses are overwritten causing the software to fault or crash. When unrestricted, properly-crafted input can be used to overflow the buffer resulting in a number of security issues.